Jyeshtha Amavasya comes in Krishna Paksha of Jyeshtha month. Like every Amavasya, this Amavasya is also considering highly auspicious for the peace of ancestors, which is done by do spiritual activities, donation and Pind Daan (Tarpan). Shani Jayanti is also celebrated on this day, when people visit the temple of Lord Shani to pray him. This increases the significance of Jyeshtha Amavasya even more. Along with Shani Jayanti, women in North India do Vat Savitri Vrat on this day for the long life of their husbands. Jyeshtha Amavasya is also known by the name of Vat Savitri Amavasya.
Jyeshtha Amavasya Vrat and Puja Vidhi
Puja rituals perform on Jyeshtha Amavasya are as follows:
- Take a bath in a holy river, lake or pond in the morning. Offer Argh to the Sun God, and sprinkle sesame seeds in the flowing water.
- For the peaceful afterlife of your ancestors, offer oblation to them and offer things to the poor.
- As it is also Shani Jayanti on this day, so, recite and chant Shani Chalisa. Also offer black Sesame seeds, mustard oil, blue flowers and black clothes to Lord Shani.;
- Women performing Vat Savitri Vrat should worship Lord Yama (Yamraj) on this day. Also, donate things (Daan-Dakshina) as per your heart’s incline.
Significance of Jyeshtha Amavasya and Shani Jayanti
God Shani was born on Jyeshtha Amavasya as per ancient spiritual beliefs. In Vedic Astrology, he is the significator of Karma and deeds. Lord Shani (the son of Lord Surya) is among the 9 planets in Hindu Astrology. As the planet move at a very slow pace, so, Shani Dev is also known by the name of Shanaishchara. He is also called as the God of justice in Kalyuga and the Punisher (Dandadhikari) of bad Karma. He offers the fruit of whatever deeds one has done in his/her life. To please him and get his blessings, special rituals are performed by the people to worship the Shani Devon this day.
Birth Story of Shani Dev
A pristine story related to the birth of Shani Dev is very well-liked. According to this story, Lord Shani is the child of Sun God and his wife Chhaya. Surya Dev, or Lord Sun, was wedded to Sangya and was blessed with 3 children; Manu, Yama and Yamuna. After their marriage, Sangya lived with Surya Dev for some years, but was not been able to bear the light (Tej) of the Sun. Therefore, she left her shadow (Chhaya) to serve Sun God. After some time, Chhaya gave birth to Shani Dev. However, when Lord Sun got to know that Chhaya is not actually Sangya, he got angry and refused to accept Lord Shani as his child. Since then, Shani and Surya dislike each other, in spite of being father and son.
Vat Savitri Vrats
This is the main festival of married women; however, girls and widows can also do Vat Savitri Vrat. The rituals for the fast are perform on Jyeshtha Amavasya. On this day, women worship Vat Vriksha (Banyan Tree) for the long life of their husbands and to remain auspicious and blessed with a happy married life. Satyavan-Savitri is also prays along with Lord Yamraj on this day.